The Himalayan Database: The Expedition Archives of Elizabeth Hawley (via NZZ vom 2.3.2023):
«The Himalayan Database is a compilation of records for all expeditions that have climbed in the Nepal Himalaya. The database is based on the expedition archives of Elizabeth Hawley, a longtime journalist based in Kathmandu, and it is supplemented by information gathered from books, alpine journals and correspondence with Himalayan climbers.
The data cover all expeditions from 1905 through Spring 2022 to the most significant mountaineering peaks in Nepal. Also included are expeditions to both sides of border peaks such as Everest, Cho Oyu, Makalu and Kangchenjunga as well as to some smaller border peaks. Data on expeditions to trekking peaks are included for early attempts, first ascents and major accidents.
Each expedition record contains detailed information including dates, routes, camps, use of supplemental oxygen, successes, deaths and accidents.
Each expedition record contains biographical information for all members listed on the permit as well as for hired members (e.g., Sherpas) for which there are significant events such as a summit success, death, accident or rescue.
Each expedition record also contains literature references to major journals, magazines, books and published expedition reports.
The database is searchable by peak, climber, expedition, nationality, season, mortality rates and causes, and more. There are selected preset reports plus the capability for custom searches and analyses.
The amount of data that has been collected is truly comprehensive. The data record summary is as follows:
• Peaks records: 471
• Expedition records: 10,800+
• Member records: 81,900+
• Literature records: 15,200+
The records in the Himalayan Database are of considerable significance to climbers planning expeditions, to journalists and mountaineering historians needing ready access to historical records, and to researchers elucidating patterns of accidents, fatalities and supplemental oxygen use.
The database is published by The Himalayan Database, a non-profit organization, and is available for download from this website.»